Prorated pricing lets you purchase an Upgrade at a discount if you have purchased the prior version in the past year. The calculation is simple. If you purchased half a year ago, you get half off Upgrade pricing. If you purchased four months ago, you get two-thirds off. If you purchased less than three months ago an Upgrade is free with Buyer Protection. (7112)
Users First is a design goal to make Big Business easier for you by making it easier for all users. This is the idea behind Company Prefs that update System Settings for all users and User Prefs where they can then use your System Settings or choose their own. You can also push out changes for users with an Employee Search and using the Update tool to change many at once.
Chapter 14 Docs Folder
Geekbench publishes results so you can see where your Mac stacks up, performance-wise. This may help if you comparing a choice like Intel i5, i7, and i9.
For entertainment, when we got a new Mac desktop with an Intel Xeon and a new Mac laptop with Apple's M1, we raced them by running Geekbench 4, which must run in Rosetta 2 on Apple Silicon. The laptop won, 5654 to 5395.